Infections are caused when microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, invade your body and potentially cause harm. These infectious microorganisms are known as pathogens, and they can multiply quickly to sustain and colonize the body. 

Typically, your immune system can stop the multiplication of pathogens within the body. If the immune system fails to control or eliminate the invading pathogen, the infection can cause health issues and common infectious diseases. 

Infectious diseases are disorders caused by pathogens that spread among people directly or indirectly. 

  • Direct transmission includes physical touching, kissing, sexual contact, and airborne droplets from coughing or sneezing. 
  • Indirect transmission may come through food, water, animals, or insect bites. 

Our experienced team at Destiny Internal Medicine focuses on delivering comprehensive medical care for various infectious health conditions. We offer personalized services to support you every step of the way, from prevention and diagnosis to treatment and follow-up care. 

Common Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases caused by various pathogens cause significant health challenges worldwide. Understanding infections is crucial for effective management and prevention of infectious diseases. 

At Destiny Internal Medicine, we understand the significance of timely and accurate care for infections and infectious diseases. 

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

UTIs involve bacteria entering your urinary system, leading to symptoms like pain or burning during urination, frequent urges, and lower abdominal discomfort. 

A urinary tract infection (UTI) can affect any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. 

UTIs are commonly caused by bacteria, most frequently Escherichia coli (E. coli), but other bacteria can also be responsible. While common, they can cause significant discomfort and may require antibiotic treatment. 

Sexually Transmitted Illness or Disease (STI/STD)

STIs are infections or conditions where pathogens are transmitted through sexual contact. These diseases may stem from various pathogens like chlamydia, gonorrhea (bacterial), and HIV, herpes (viral).  

Appropriate medical intervention is crucial for effective management and prevention of STIs. Symptoms of STIs vary widely depending on the specific infection but may involve genital sores, abnormal discharge, or pain. 

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Viruses, bacteria, or allergens can cause conjunctivitis. Pink eye can cause inflammation of the eye's conjunctiva, which is the thin, clear tissue that covers the white part of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelid.

Conjunctivitis is a common eye condition that can affect people of all ages. Common symptoms of conjunctivitis include redness, itching, and discharge from the eye. 

Depending on the cause, treatment may involve antiviral or antibiotic eye drops or simply supportive care. 

Practicing good hygiene, such as frequent handwashing, avoiding touching the eyes, and not sharing personal items like towels or makeup, can help prevent the spread of infectious conjunctivitis.

Respiratory Infections

Respiratory infections like influenza, COVID-19, and streptococcal infections can cause fever, cough, and sore throat, varying in intensity from mild to severe. 

Respiratory infections are infections that affect the respiratory system, including the upper respiratory tract (nose, throat, and airways leading to the lungs) or the lower respiratory tract (bronchi, bronchioles, and lungs). 

They can be caused by various infectious agents, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. Influenza and strep infections can be treated with antivirals or antibiotics, while COVID-19 may require supportive care.

Ear Infections

Ear infections, commonly bacterial or viral, can cause symptoms like earache, fever, and hearing issues. 

Prompt medical attention is crucial to prevent complications and alleviate symptoms. Antibiotics and pain medications are the usual prescribed treatment for ear infections. The treatment depends on factors such as age, severity, and nature of infection.


Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is a highly contagious viral respiratory infection caused by influenza viruses. 

There are three main types of influenza viruses: A, B, and C. Influenza A and B viruses are responsible for seasonal flu outbreaks, while influenza C viruses typically cause milder respiratory symptoms.

Symptoms of the flu can include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills, and fatigue. 

Flu treatment usually includes antiviral medications that can help reduce symptoms and duration. Vaccination is vital for the prevention of flu. 


Cellulitis is a serious bacterial skin infection that affects the deeper layers of the skin and the underlying connective tissues. It is typically caused by bacteria entering the skin through a break or crack, such as a cut, wound, or insect bite. 

The most common bacteria responsible for cellulitis are Streptococcus and Staphylococcus. Cellulitis often causes redness, swelling, warmth, and tenderness in the affected area. The skin may also become shiny and develop a firm texture.

Although antibiotics can effectively address the symptoms, hygiene, and proper wound care are essential in preventing cellulitis. If left untreated, cellulitis can spread and potentially give rise to significant health complications.


Shingles, also known as herpes zoster, is a viral infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV).

The primary symptom of shingles is a painful rash that usually appears as a strip of blisters on one side of your face or body. Along with the rash, you may experience pain, itching, tingling, or burning sensations. Other symptoms can include fever, headache, and fatigue.

Shingles are more common in older adults and if you have a weakened immune system. Vaccination is available to prevent shingles. Antiviral medications can help manage symptoms and prevent complications.

Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) refers to an imbalance in the vaginal flora, leading to abnormal discharge and odor. It can cause discomfort and pain in the vagina. 

BV infection happens due to changes in the amount of bacteria in your vagina.

Antibiotics in the form of gel or cream that you can insert into your vagina can restore the balance and alleviate your symptoms.

Cold Sores

Cold sores are a common viral infection in which painful blisters appear on the lips or around the mouth. Cold sores are highly contagious and can be easily transmitted through direct contact.

Cold sores, also known as fever blisters, are small, fluid-filled lesions that typically occur on or around the lips. They are caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), most commonly the HSV-1 strain. 

Antiviral medications can help with the treatment of cold sores. 

Treatment of Infections

The treatment of infections and infectious diseases depends on the specific type of pathogen involved and the severity of your condition. 

Common treatment options for infections include:

  • Antibiotics: Antibiotics are medications that kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. Our team will prescribe specific antibiotics based on the type of infection-causing bacteria. 
  • Antiviral medications: Antiviral drugs inhibit the multiplication of viruses and help manage viral infections.
  • Antifungal drugs: We may prescribe antifungal medications if a fungus causes the infection. They may be topical or systemic, depending on the location and severity of your infection.
  • Antiparasitic medications: These medications are used to kill or inhibit the growth of parasites.
  • Vaccination: Vaccines are a crucial preventive measure that trains your immune system to effectively identify and combat specific pathogens. 

Managing Infection with Destiny Internal Medicine in Aurora, CO

At Destiny Internal Medicine, our team specializes in tailored care for various unexpected infections and infectious diseases. Our holistic services encompass prevention, diagnosis, and personalized treatment for your specific condition.

To schedule an appointment with one of our providers, call us at 720-324-4777 or request an appointment online.

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